Question: What Was The Soviet System Class 12?

What is meant by Soviet system?

Soviet system is basically the power of the society run by USSR or Russia.

They believed in communism where all the people were benefitted in the society.

It was Stalin who was a staunch believer of communism and he was the one who promoted communism in USSR..

What were the consequences of shock therapy class 12?

What were it’s consequences. Answer: After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the model of economic transition in Russia, Central Asia and east Europe which was influenced by the WB and IMF came to be known as ‘shock therapy. The shock therapy ruined the economies of Russia and east European countries.

Which were the two important features of the Soviet system?

Answer: The two features of the Soviet system were : The Soviet system was based on state welfare where the state was engaged in mass production to meet the needs of the people. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) controlled the government and dominated the political decision-making.

When was the Soviet Union dissolved into 15?

December 25, 1991One of the most powerful empires in world history came to a surprisingly peaceful end when the Soviet Union dissolved into 15 independent states. By December 25, 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev was a president without a country.

What were the features of the Soviet system?

(i) The Soviet System was very bureaucratic and authoritarian. (ii) Lack of democracy and the absence of freedom of speech. (iii) Tight control over all institutions and was unaccountable to the people. (iv) Russia dominated everything and people from other regions felt neglected and often suppressed.

Why did Soviet Union disintegrate?

Gorbachev’s decision to allow elections with a multi-party system and create a presidency for the Soviet Union began a slow process of democratization that eventually destabilized Communist control and contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

What was the largest garage sale in history?

3. What was the largest garage sale in history? Answer: Largest garage sale in history was resulted due to shock therapy to undervalue the valuable industries of the USSR to sell them at throwaway prices.

What is shock therapy in politics?

Shock therapy is an economic theory that says that sudden, dramatic changes in national economic policy can turn a state-controlled economy into a free-market economy. … Economic policies in favor of shock therapy include ending price controls and government subsidies.

Did Chernobyl cause the collapse of the Soviet Union?

Share: According to Mikhail Gorbachev, the disaster at Chernobyl in 1986 caused the collapse of Soviet communism five years later. … The Soviet Union appeared stable at the time of the Chernobyl explosion.

Why did Soviet Union disintegrate Class 12?

Reasons for the Soviet Union Disintegration The Soviet economy used much of its resources in maintaining a nuclear and military arsenal. The Soviet Union too became stagnant due to rampant corruption, the unwillingness to allow more openness in government, and the centralisation of authority in a vast land.

How was Soviet system full of loopholes?

Inspite of all perfection, the Soviet system was full of loopholes. The system was bureaucratic and over-centralised making life difficult for people. … Nearly all the Soviet institutions needed reforms but the strict one party control by the communist party made all the institutions unaccountable to the people.

What is NATO why was it formed?

Formed in 1949 with the signing of the Washington Treaty, NATO is a security alliance of 30 countries from North America and Europe. NATO’s fundamental goal is to safeguard the Allies’ freedom and security by political and military means.

What are two features of the Soviet economy?

The Soviet economy was characterized by state control of investment, a dependence on natural resources, shortages, public ownership of industrial assets, macroeconomic stability, negligible unemployment and high job security.

What is the difference between Russia and the Soviet Union?

In the English language media, the state was referred to as the Soviet Union or the USSR. … In the English-speaking world, the Soviet Union was also informally called Russia and its citizens Russians, although that was technically incorrect since Russia was only one of the republics.

Which was the largest garage sale in the history of Soviet Union?

13. Shock Therapy resulted in the largest garage sale in history, declined value of Russian Currency ‘Ruble’, due to inflation, food was imported, destroyed Old Social Welfare System, Migration of educated and intellectual manpower and disparities due to privatisation between rich and poor regions of Russia.